[번역/요약] 중국>미국+EU, 배출량 증가 중

Source: China’s Emissions: More Than U. S. Plus Europe, and Still Rising, by Keith Bradsher and Lisa Friedman, January 25, 2018, The New York Times

작년 세계경제포럼(WEF)에서 시진핑 중국 주석은 기후변화 완화 노력이야말로 “미래 세대를 위한 우리의 책임”이라고 강조한 바 있다. 올해의 포럼에서도 세계 지도자들은 기후변화 부문에서 중국의 적극적인 역할을 기대하고 있다. 하지만 새로 발표된 여러 자료를 살펴보면 역설적이게도 중국의 배출량은 증가 추세에 있다.

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[번역/요약] 뉴저지 신임 주지사, RGGI 재가입

Source: On Climate, Gov. Murphy Brings a New Voice to New Jersey, January 28, 2018, The New York Times

미국 동북부 9개 주 대규모 발전소를 대상으로 한 RGGI 컨소시엄에 뉴저지가 재가입한다고 선언했다. 현재 미국은 트럼프 행정부가 온실가스 감축 지원을 대폭 감축함에 따라 주 정부가 자발적으로 대책을 마련하고 있다. 뉴저지의 경우 공화당 출신의 크리스티 전 주지사가 경제, 정치적 이유로 RGGI에서 탈퇴한 바 있다.

Continue reading [번역/요약] 뉴저지 신임 주지사, RGGI 재가입

[번역/요약] 중국에 세계 최대 탄소 시장 열린다

Source: China Unveils Plans for World’s Biggest Carbon-Trading Market, December 19, 2017, Bloomberg News

중국이 세계 최대 규모의 국내 탄소 시장 조성 계획을 발표했다. 초기에는 발전 부문만 참여할 것이지만, 1700개의 회사 및 30억 톤의 배출량을 포함하는 규모로 유럽 연합 시장보다 크다. 구체적인 시작 일자는 밝히지 않았다. 배출량 세계 최대인 중국은 2030년까지 배출량 최대치를 달성하기 위하여 총 에너지의 20%를 비화석 연료로부터 얻기 위해 여러 투자를 감행하고 있다.

Continue reading [번역/요약] 중국에 세계 최대 탄소 시장 열린다

What Experts Say About the Future of the Energy Industry

Source: the Challenges for the Energy Industry, by Alina Tugend, October 15, 2017, the New York Times

This week, the 38th annual Oil & Money Conference was held in London, gathering over 500 executives, policy makers, financiers and experts from the international oil and gas industry. The following summarizes what experts say about the future of the energy industry.

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[번역/요약] 트럼프 행정부의 청정전력계획 폐지

Source: Trump Is Repealing the Clean Power Plan. Here’s What It Means, by the NYT Climate Team, October 10, 2017, the New York Times / EPA Announces Repeal of Major Obama-Era Carbon Emissions Rule, by Lisa Firedman and Brad Plumer, October 9, 2017, the New York Times

트럼프 행정부와 미 환경보호청(EPA) 스콧 프루이트는 청정전력계획(Clean Power Plan, CPP)을 폐지할 계획이다. CPP 폐지가 의미하는 바는 무엇일까?

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NREL Project: Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization

As discussed in a previous post,  the respective contribution of each electricity generation technology to total greenhouse gas emissions is sometimes analyzed by lifecycle assessment. Currently, U. S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is conducting a research project on this particular topic in order to reduce uncertainty around estimates for environmental impacts and to increase the value of these assessments to the policymaking and research communities.

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C-ROADS: Modeling Policy Impacts on GHG Emissions

Even though the United States withdrew itself from the landmark Paris Agreement, countries around the world are still committed to cut their carbon emissions in accordance with their respective INDCs (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) in the UNFCCC framework. Nonetheless, experts say there exists a ‘gap’ between the collective outcome of these efforts and what is required to achieve the so-called 2-degree goal. How do they figure out the existence and the width of such a gap? There is a special tool to quantify and simulate the effects of various policies on the emissions.

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[Summary]Measuring the progress and impacts of decarbonising British electricity

  • Title:  Measuring the progress and impacts of decarbonising British electricity
  • Date: December 2016
  • Author: Staffell, I.
  • Published: Energy Policy

Most advanced economies around the world are striving to cut its greenhouse gas emissions through a diversity of policies. But how could one measure the progress? This paper gives a good example of examining which data sources to look into, how to calculate carbon emissions from different sources, and what uncertainties are.

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[Summary] Electricity Generation from Renewables in the United States

  • Title: Electricity generation from renewables in the United States: Resource potential, current usage, technical status, challenges, strategies, policies, and future directions 
  • Date: April 2013
  • Author: Atif Osmani, Jun Zhang, Vinay Gonela, Iddrisu Awudu
  • Published: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Continue reading [Summary] Electricity Generation from Renewables in the United States

Associating GHG Emissions with Electricity Generation

It is elementary: a large part of greenhouse gas emissions are attributable to power generation, especially to fossil fuel combustion. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), electricity production accounted for 30 percent of the U. S.’s total GHG emissions in 2014, marking the largest share [1]. About two-thirds of the produced electricity comes from fossil fuel combustion, mostly coal and natural gas [2]. It can be implied that employing less carbon-intensive technologies such as renewables and nuclear—although the latter can be politically charged—would lead to less GHG emissions.

Continue reading Associating GHG Emissions with Electricity Generation